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File type: DOC

What is DOC?

The .DOC file extension represents computer documents and is most commonly associated with Microsoft Words documents. These are primarily text based documents but they may also contain images or other information.

More on DOC from Wikipedia

How can I open DOC files?

To open a .DOC file you need an application that is capable of opening the file. These files are most commonly opened with Microsoft Word. There are differences between the various versions of Microsoft Word that may cause difficulties when trying to open these files. It is important to confirm the version of the application on your system and the version that created the .DOC file you are trying to open.

Additionally, there are other applications that are capable of opening these files. FileRatings can help you find an appropriate program.

Doc icon.png
Filename extension.doc
Internet media typeapplication/msword
Uniform Type
Developed byMicrosoft
Type of formatWord document
Container forText, Image,Table

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In computing, DOC or doc (an abbreviation of 'document') is a file extension for word processing documents; most commonly for Microsoft Word. Historically, the extension was used for documentation in plain-text format, particularly of programs or computer hardware, on a wide range of operating systems. During the 1980s, WordPerfect used DOC as the extension of their proprietary format. Later, in the 1990s, Microsoft chose to use the DOC extension for their proprietary Microsoft Word word processing formats. The original uses for the extension have largely disappeared from the PC world.

Binary DOC files often contain more text formatting information (as well as scripts and undo information) than files using other document file formats like Rich Text Format and HyperText Markup Language, but are usually less widely compatible.

The header of a Word 97 document begins with the magic number [0xD0 0xCF 0x11] which possibly spells out "DOC Format 11".

The DOC format varies among Microsoft Office Word Formats. Word versions up to 97 used a different format from Microsoft Word version between 97 and 2003.

In Microsoft Office Word 2007 the binary file format was replaced as the default format by the new XML based Office Open XML format. The filename extensions of this format are .docx or .docm. Microsoft Office Word 2010 uses the same format, and is supported by Office 2007.

The DOC format is native to Microsoft Office Word, but other software, such as the free software word processors Writer, and AbiWord, can create and read .doc files. Command line programs for Unix-like operating systems which can convert files from the DOC format to plain text or other standard formats include the wv library, which itself is used directly by AbiWord and as a source of ideas and some coding by KWord. Because the .doc file format was a closed specification for many years, inconsistent handling of the format persists and may cause some loss of formatting information when handling the same file with multiple word processing programs.

The format specification was available from Microsoft on request until February 2008. Following reverse engineering the documentation which was done by Sun and, Microsoft released the .DOC format specification under the Microsoft Open Specification Promise.

On the Palm OS, DOC is shorthand for PalmDoc, a completely unrelated format used to encode text files such as ebooks.